Japanese Oriental Landscaping

Japanese trees for small gardens.

Even the smallest garden has room for  trees. Whether it’s a nice potted Japanese maple or an eye-catching magnolia, trees are essential in small gardens. Not only do they form the basic of the garden landscape, they also can shade a sunny patio,block an awkward view or provide much needed privacy.

When selecting the right trees for a small backyard, you first should consider its fullgrown size. Little saplings can quickly grow into big ones that overwhelm the site. Next, look for multi-season interest. Trees need to earn their space in small backyard gardens by providing colour, texture or a dramatic form in all seasons. Also, look for dwarf shapes. Instead of a full size white spruce (Picea glauca), which can reach 25 metres, plant a dwarf Alberta spruce (Picea glauca var. albertiana ‘Conica’), which grows to only three metres.

Small backyard gardens have plenty of room for trees growing upward. Columnar and upright shaped trees, like beech (Fagus sylvatica ‘Dawyck Purple’), hornbeam (Carpinus betulus ‘fastigiata’) and tulip (Liriodendron tuliperifera ‘Fastigiatum’), are slender enough to fit into small gardens.

Here are some more sample trees with their measurements and shapes :

Amur maple (Acer ginnala) are compact, dwarf shaped  maple trees that are much more appropriate for small spaces. They are five metres tall and wide.

Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas) produces a froth of yellow flowers in early spring. There are also variegated and golden forms. Eight metres tall by six metres wide.

Paperbark maple (Acer griseum) is worth growing for its exfoliating cinnamon coloured bark alone, but its startling fall colour is a bonus.  Seven metres tall and about five metres wide.

Japanese maple (Acer palmatum) cultivars come in a wide range of forms and leaf shapes. From two to six metres tall.

Magnolia (Magnolia) hybrids and cultivars come in a range of sizes, but one of the best for small gardens are “The Girls” hybrids: ‘Ann’, Betty, ‘Susan, ‘Jane and ‘Judy. Size: Range of sizes.